3.   - - .., .. - - vuzlib.org




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    3.  

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    48

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    , .. ⠠ (1995) 񠠠 젠

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    ( .., 1992; .. ., 1992).

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    젠 񠠠 蠠 蠠 젠 ⠠

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    .. ., 1996).

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    - 堠 젠 蠠 ꠠ

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    蠠  젠 젠 ࠠ ,

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    蠠 頠 (

    .., ." 1986; ࠠ .., 1989; Levi

    L., 1972; Berry R. et at., 1988). ..

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    ., 1992; 頠 .., 1996;!

    .. 蠠 ., 1996). 頠 -

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    ., 1990),  蠠 頠 , ,

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    .., 1993; .., 1995).

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    젠 : , ,

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    al. (1988) ,  ⠠ 

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    52

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    1.2.),  堠

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    ,

    ⠠  堠 (Berry R.

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    蠠 蠠 堠 堠 ,

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    젠 堠 젠 蠠 蠠

    蠠 ⠠ 蠠 ();

    ,  .

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    - 堠 蠠

    , .

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     , ⠠ 蠠 -

     ࠠ ⠠ 頠 堠 ,

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    ⠠ 񠠠 젠 ⠠

    .  ࠠ (堠 , 젠

    40-80 % ) ⠠

    堠 ࠠ 蠠 򠠠

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    ⠠ 堠 ,

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    ..,  .., 1994-頠 ..,

    1996; Berry R. et al., 1988).

    ⠠ -

    , 蠠 ꠠ

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    (⠠ ..,  .., 1994; ⠠ ..

    蠠 -, 1996).   蠠  򠠠

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    1993;  .. 蠠 ., 1994)

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    蠠 蠠 ꠠ 頠 ;

    󠠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠

    ; ࠠ 󠠠 젠 蠠 젠 ,

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    ࠠ 󠠠  ,  堠

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    蠠  頠 , 젠 䠠 砠

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     , 蠠 堠 -

    蠠 (⠠ .., 1992).

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    頠 蠠 堠 頠

    ( .., 1996).

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    54

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    .., 1993; -..,."1999).

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    ࠠ (1993)  ,  젠 砠

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    ࠠ - 堠 堠 ,

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    -頠 򠠠 ꠠ (ꠠ .,

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    젠 ( .., 1992; 1995). ..

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    .., .., ࠠ .., 1994), ࠠ ⠠ -

    ( .. ., 1991).

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    1999;

    .., .., 1986).

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    1990),  蠠 ࠠ

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    .., 1993).

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    1992) 蠠 . ⠠ 堠 頠

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    (⠠ .., 1997; ꠠ .., 1996) 蠠 .

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    1994). Ӡ ⠠ 蠠

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    , (MadeodA.D, 1991).

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    .., .., 1986; .., 1995).

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    ., 1991) 堠 頠 ⠠

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    , .. 頠 (1993)

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    堠 蠠 堠 蠠

    ;

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    ;

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    ;

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    蠠 ., 1990; 頠 .., 1993).  ,

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    (⠠ B.C. 蠠 ., 1994), ࠠ 砠

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    ( .., 1993).

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    /a(e.a., b(g%ac*(e 頠 (-頠 ..,

    .., 1986).

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    , 堠 󠠠 󠠠 (

    .., 1997; Levi G., 1972), 蠠 򠠠

    蠠 ()

    頠 󠠠 ࠠ ( .., 1995), 

    젠  ࠠ 頠

    頠 蠠 젠

    ( .., 1989).

    , 򠠠 , 

    堠  ࠠ 蠠

    頠 蠠

    ⠠ 򠠠 堠

    , 蠠 ,

    젠 ⠠ 젠 젠 堠 堠

    򠠠 砠 ⠠ 蠠

    젠 蠠 . 堠

    ,

    ⠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠

    蠠 堠 ⠠ 蠠 

    򠠠 ࠠ ⠠ 堠 

    ⠠ ࠠ ࠠ

    젠 蠠 젠 . 堠 頠 '

    򠠠 䠠 ⠠ 󠠠 蠠 堠

    .

    «      «       «      : 19      : <   9.  10.  11.  12.  13.  14.  15.  16.  17.  18.  19.





     
    polkaknig@narod.ru ICQ 474-849-132 2005-2009 .